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History of cava and production process

Cava is a world-renowned sparkling wine, originating from the wine-growing region of Catalonia in Spain. The process of making cava is a combination of art, science and tradition that has evolved over the centuries.

The history of cava dates back to the 19th century, when some Catalan producers began to experiment with methods of making sparkling wines similar to those used in the French region of Champagne. Over time, cava became a symbol of celebration and sophistication around the world.

The cava-making process begins with the selection of local grapes, such as Macabeo, Parellada and Xarel·lo, which are harvested by hand to preserve their integrity. These grapes are gently pressed to extract the must, which is then fermented in stainless steel tanks or oak barrels.

After the initial fermentation, a second fermentation takes place inside the bottle, where yeasts and sugars are added to produce the characteristic bubbles of cava. This process can take several months or even years, depending on the style and quality you want to achieve.

Once the second fermentation is complete, the bottles undergo an aging process in contact with the lees, which provides complexity and richness to the cava. Finally, the bottles go through disgorgement, where the sediment is removed and the expedition liquor is added, adjusting the sweetness of the cava according to the desired style: brut nature, brut, semi-dry or sweet.

For corking cava bottles, before the final cork stopper, the crown stopper is used.

In wineries and oil mills we recommend the TCA Capper for this purpose and the type of cap used for cava is diameter 29, different from that of beer bottles which is diameter 26. However, the TCA capper for crown caps has adapter to be able to work with both types of plugs.

Cava is a versatile wine that can pair with a wide variety of dishes, from seafood to desserts. Its freshness and effervescence make it the perfect choice to celebrate special moments or simply enjoy life.

We will inform you in subsequent articles about more things about the exciting world of cava and sparkling wines